Austria (-Hungary) and its Consulates in the United States of America since 1820

ab 34,90 

Rudolf Agstner

„Our nationals settling here count by the millions now…“

ISBN 978-3-643-90191-0
Band-Nr. 4
Jahr 2012
Seiten 392
Bindung broschiert
Reihe Forschungen zur Geschichte des österreichischen Auswärtigen Dienstes


In 1776 the US proclaimed its independence. It was not until 1817 that
Austrian Emperor Franz I ordered the establishment of a Consulate in the US, which led to
the arrival in 1820 of the first Consul in New York City. This book describes when, where, and why 53
Consulates of Austria (-Hungary) were established in the US from 1820 to
the present. It describes the Consuls, their daily work and challenges –
including pan-Slavic activities before 1914. It offers a glimpse at the
living conditions of the immigrants and migrant workers who came to the US
from the Empire before WWI, reflecting the sentiment (1911) that „in no
country the foreigner, and particularly the uneducated foreigner, is more
in need of protection than in the United States“. In 1922 the Republic of
Austria opened its first Consular Offices in New York and
Chicago, and today Austria maintains 30 Consulates throughout the US.